Micronesia is a group of 607 islands / archipelagoes situated in the Northwest of Oceania, in western Pacific Ocean, between Asia and America. Also called Federal States of Micronesia, the Carolines Islands are divided in 4 states: Yap, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (Truk).
They are simple atolls, on about 3000 kilometers following an orientation West – East, mostly small uninhabited islands.
Micronesia knew several periods of colonization. It was at first Spanish sailors, in the XVIth century that discovered and called them Islas Carolinas. Marshall and Marianne island, as well as Palau are also part of Micronesia. Then from the 19th century, settled down whalers of diverse nationalities, traffickers of all kinds and missionaries of various religious confessions. Spain repossessed the archipelago of the Caroline Islands, bought back by German, which was seized from the end of the First World war. A mandate of League of Nations was then entrusted in Japan which administered the archipelago as an integral part of its empire. In 1945, the Americans conquered islands, during the war of the Pacific and at the conclusion of the Second World War, and became guardianship on the Micronesian group which took the name of TTIP (Trust territory of the islands of the Pacific),
On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States of America, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia’s emergence from trusteeship to independence.
Today Micronesia attracts divers of four corners of the world. Its untouched reefs, the multiplicity of species of coral and marine life, its pelagic fauna, its collection of wrecks and the exceptional visibility, make an major diving destination. Scuba Diving in Micronesia can be done all year long, liveaboard has the advantage of visiting lots of dive sites and diving resort offers the opportunity to dive and enjoy the island life style at own pace. Palau became a shark sanctuary since 2009.